T F
Human Trafficking is the same as smuggling   X
Human Trafficking only happens in big cities   X
Sex Trafficking victims are always kidnapped from the streets   X
Traffickers are strangers   X
Trafficking victims are all from other countries   X


Types of Trafficking

What is sex trafficking?

Texas is 2nd in the nation for calls to the National Human Trafficking Hotline.

  • 75% of children have been exploited for 2 or more years
  • 75% of victims don’t know they are trafficked
  • 50% of victims were 14 when trafficking began

Sex trafficking, as defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, is a commercial sex act that is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age. A commercial sex act is identified by the exchange of anything of value (money, drugs, food, clothing, shelter) for a sexual act. Sex traffickers use threats, manipulation, lies, debt bondage, and other forms of coercion to compel adults and children to engage in commercial sex acts against their will. Under U.S. law, any minor under the age of 18 years induced into commercial sex is a victim of sex trafficking — regardless of whether or not the trafficker used force, fraud, or coercion.

Many victims become romantically involved with someone who then forces or manipulates them into sex work. Some victims of sex trafficking were promised a job, such as modeling or dancing. Others have been sold for sex by their parents or family members. They may be involved in a trafficking situation for a few days or weeks, or trafficked for years.

Victims of sex trafficking can be U.S. citizens, foreign nationals, women, men, children, and LGBTQ individuals. Vulnerable populations are frequently targeted by traffickers, including runaway and homeless youth, as well as victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, war, or social discrimination.

Sex trafficking occurs in a range of venues including massage businesses, online ads or escort services, in residential brothels, on the street or at truck stops, or at hotels and motels.

What is considered labor trafficking?

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines labor trafficking as: “The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.


Anyone involved in a commercial sex act by force, fraud or coercion


Anyone under the age of 18



Anyone age 18 and older involved in sex work completely by their own choice

(According to U.S. Law)

50% of victims are reported to be under the age of 14 when trafficking began.

77% of trafficked children under the age of 10 are trafficked by a family member.

How do buyers find victims? Social media drives 87% of transactions.